Almost everyone has heard of diabetes, but what is it exactly? In simple terms, diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t make enough of the hormone insulin (or can’t use the insulin it produces efficiently), which causes your blood glucose levels (also known as your blood sugar) to go too high.
Why do high blood glucose levels matter?
High blood glucose levels can cause damage to your body in different ways. At first, the changes may be very subtle like urinating often. Over time, too much sugar in your blood can damage your internal organs and lead to the following:
- Heart disease, heart attack or heart failure
- Kidney disfunction
- Loss of feeling or nerve damage
- Vision problems or eye damage
- Multiple skin conditions
People with type 2 diabetes are at two times greater risk of cardiovascular disease.
More than 34 million Americans have diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes.
What are some common symptoms?
Diabetes can present itself in a number of ways. Here are some of the more common symptoms:
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Feeling thirsty often
- Extreme fatigue
- Urinating often
- Blurry vision